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Wind Driven Fire Research: Hazard and Tactics



Daniel M. Madrzykowski, Stephen Kerber


Fires in high-rise buildings create unique safety challenges for buillding occupants and fire fighters. Smoke and heat spreading through the corridors and the stairs of a building during a fire can limit building occupants' ability to escape and can limit fire fighters' ability to rescue them. In 2002, there were 7300 reported fires in high rise structures (structures 7 stories or more). The majority of these high rise fires occurred in residential occupancies, such as apartment buildings. In fires that originated in appartments, 92 % of the civiliam fatalities occurred in incidents where the fire spreads beyond the room of origin [1].
Fire Engineering


apartments, doors, fatalities, fire fighting, flashover, heat release rate, high rise buildings, wind effects


Madrzykowski, D. and Kerber, S. (2010), Wind Driven Fire Research: Hazard and Tactics, Fire Engineering, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created March 2, 2010, Updated February 17, 2017