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White layers and thermal modeling of hard turned surfaces



Y K. Chou, Christopher J. Evans


White layers in hard turned surfaces are identified, characterized and measured as a function of tool flank wear and cutting speed. White layer depth progressively increases with flank wear. It also increases with speed, but approaches an asymptote. A thermal model based on Jaeger? s moving heat source problems (J.C. Jaeger, Moving source of heat and the temperature at sliding contacts, in: Proceedings of the Royal Society, NSW, vol. 56, pp. 203-224) is applied to simulate the temperature field in machined surfaces and to estimate white layer depth in terms of the penetration depth for a given critical temperature. The analysis shows good agreement with the trend in experimental results. White layer formation seems to be dominantly a thermal process involving phase transformation of the steel, possibly plastic strain activated; flank wear land rubbing may be a primary heat source for white layer formation. A strong material dependence of surface alteration is also observed. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
International Journal of machine Tools and Manufacture


Hard turning, phase transformation, surface integrity, White layer


Chou, Y. and Evans, C. (1998), White layers and thermal modeling of hard turned surfaces, International Journal of machine Tools and Manufacture (Accessed June 14, 2024)


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Created December 31, 1997, Updated October 12, 2021