Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Warm-Hip Compaction of Attrition-Milled Iron Alloy Powders

Published

Author(s)

J C. Rawers, Frank S. Biancaniello, Rodney D. Jiggetts, Richard J. Fields, Maureen E. Williams

Abstract

Warm-HIP (Hot-Isostatic-Pressure) compaction of attrition-milled iron alloy powders resulted in production of high strength, fully-dense compacts of nanostructured iron alloy powders. Commercial development of nanostructured materials has been largely restricted because of the (i) limited quantities of starting nanostructured materials, and (ii) limited processing technologies capable of producing fully-dense compacts, and (iii) difficulty in retaining the nanostructure during compaction (1,2,3). High-energy ball milling of powders can now provide kilogram quantities of nanonstructured materials, overcoming the production limitations of the starting powders (4). HIP compaction is capable of producing near-net-shape fully-dense compacts of powder (5). Warm-HIP is defined as hot-isostatic-pressure compaction with the processing temperature under 0.5 Tm.p., a sufficiently low temperature to retard atomic diffusion and retard grain growth. The application of both elevated pressures and temperatures during WARM-HIP assures that the milled particles undergo plastic deformation, and the bonding between particles, largely by surface diffusion, results in chemical bonding. Characterization and results of Warm-HIP compacted nanostructured iron powder alloys are presented below.
Citation
Scripta Materialia
Volume
40
Issue
No. 3

Keywords

attrition milling, compression test, fully dense, grain size, hardness, nanostructure, porosity, warm-HIP

Citation

Rawers, J. , Biancaniello, F. , Jiggetts, R. , Fields, R. and Williams, M. (1999), Warm-Hip Compaction of Attrition-Milled Iron Alloy Powders, Scripta Materialia (Accessed April 18, 2024)
Created December 31, 1998, Updated October 12, 2021