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Using Ab Initio "Data" to Accurately Determine the Fourth Density Virial Coefficient of Helium

Published

Author(s)

Michael R. Moldover, Mark O. McLinden

Abstract

We combine accurate ab initio calculations of the second and third density virial coefficients, B(T) and C(T), of 4He with measurements of its pressure-density-temperature behavior to determine the fourth density viral coefficient D(T). The measurements were made with a two-sinker, magnetic-suspension densimeter at pressures up to 38 MPa. The measurements on isotherms from 223 K to 323 K were previously published; new measurements from 323 K to 500 K are presented here. On each isotherm, a regression of the virial expansion was constrained to the ab initio values of B(T) and C(T); the regression determined D(T) as well as two apparatus-dependent parameters that compensated for systematic errors in the measurements. The relative uncertainty of D(T) ranged from 2.9 % at 223 K to 10.7 % at 400 K to 26.4 % at 500 K with a coverage factor of k = 2. This uncertainty is 1/6th of the uncertainty obtained without the ab initio values of B(T) and C(T). The apparatus-dependent parameters can be used to calibrate the densimeter, and this will reduce the uncertainty of future measu
Citation
Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume
42
Issue
October 2010

Keywords

helium, virial coefficients, two-sinker densimeter, calibration, equation of state, reference data, gas metrology, fourth virial coefficient
Created June 25, 2010, Updated February 19, 2017