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An Unstructured-Mesh Methodology for Computation of Reacting Sprays in Industrial Combustors



M G. Giridharan, J C. Sheu, S A. Bayyuk, Cary Presser


This paper reports the progress made in developing a state-of-the-art, unstructured-mesh code for simulating reacting two-phase flows for general purpose industrial applications. The code has been created by combining a finite-volume solver for computing flow, heat transfer, and chemical reaction in the gas phase with a new object-oriented module specifically designed and developed to provide framework for solving the system of equations governing the motion of spray droplets and their interactions with the gas-phase. The gas phase equations are solved in an Eulerian frame while the droplet equations are solved in a Lagrangian frame. The paper presents the equations for droplet transport and behavior, describes the coupling models between the gas and liquid phases, and outlines the overall solution technique. Much of the paper id devoted to verification and validation of the computational models. The validation studies include comparison of computational results for particle motion under the influence of gravity and for droplet evaporation rates against corresponding analytical solutions. The validation studies include comparison of predictions with published experimental data on behavior of evaporating and non-evaporating sprays. All comparisons show good qualitative and quantitative agreement. A 2-D axisymmetric simulation of methanol combustion in the NIST reference spray combustor is also presented, and the results are compared with the NIST flow visualization data. Relevant ongoing work and future plans for incorporation of advanced spray models are briefly described.
Proceedings Title
Proceedings of the ASME Heat Transfer Division
Conference Dates
November 14-19, 1999
Conference Location
Conference Title
ASME Conference


computational fluid dynamics, model validation, multiphase reacting flows, simulation of industrial combustors, spray combustion modeling, unstructured-mesh code


Giridharan, M. , Sheu, J. , Bayyuk, S. and Presser, C. (1999), An Unstructured-Mesh Methodology for Computation of Reacting Sprays in Industrial Combustors, Proceedings of the ASME Heat Transfer Division, Undefined (Accessed June 17, 2024)


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Created October 31, 1999, Updated October 12, 2021