Universal and non-universal effective N-body interactions for ultracold harmonically-trapped few-atom systems
X. Y. Yin, D Blume, Philip Johnson, Eite Tiesinga
We derive the ground-state energy for a small number of ultracold atoms in an isotropic harmonic trap using effective quantum field theory (EFT). Atoms are assumed to interact through pairwise energy-independent and energy-dependent delta-function potentials with strengths proportional to the scattering length $a$ and effective range volume $V$, respectively. The calculations are performed systematically up to order $l^-4}$, where $l$ denotes the harmonic oscillator length. The effective three-body interaction contains a logarithmic divergence in the cutoff energy, giving rise to a non-universal three-body interaction in the EFT. Our EFT results are confirmed by nonperturbative numerical calculations for a Hamiltonian with finite-range two-body Gaussian interactions. For this model Hamiltonian, we explicitly calculate the non-universal effective three-body contribution to the energy.
, Blume, D.
, Johnson, P.
and Tiesinga, E.
Universal and non-universal effective N-body interactions for ultracold harmonically-trapped few-atom systems, New Journal of Physics, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.90.043631, https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=916321
(Accessed December 10, 2023)