Uniform and enhanced field emission from chromium oxide coated carbon nanosheets
Uwe Arp, Kun Hou, Ronald Outlaw, Wang Sigen, Mingyao Zhu, Ronald Quinlan, Dennis Manos, Martin Kordesch, Brian Holloway
Carbon nanosheets, a two-dimensional carbon nanostructure, are promising electron cathode materials for applications in vacuum microelectronic devices. This letter demonstrates a simple approach to improve the spatial emission uniformity of carbon nanosheets by coating them with a chromium oxide thin film. Photoelectron emission microscopy observations and in situ field emission tests revealed that chromium oxide coated carbon nanosheets not only have spatial uniformity but also have coating thickness dependent field emission properties. For example, a coating thickness of ~1.5 nm gave a substantially greater field emission than as-grown nanosheets or other thickness coatings.