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Uncertainty Associated With Virtual Measurements From Computational Quantum Chemistry Models Using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement

Published

Author(s)

Karl K. Irikura, Russell D. Johnson III, Raghu N. Kacker

Abstract

The output of a computer model for the value of a measurand is frequently referred to as a virtual measurement to distinguish it from a physical measurement determined from laboratory experiments. Any measurement, physical or virtual, is incomplete without a statement of its associated uncertainty. The science and technology of making high quality physical measurements and quantifying their uncertainties has matured over many decades. The science and technology of making virtual measurements is evolving. In this paper we propose an approach for quantifying the uncertainty associated with the predictions of the properties of molecules from computational quantum chemistry models. The proposed approach is based on the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement published by the International Standards Organization (ISO) and makes use of the Computational Chemistry Comparison and Benchmark Database (CCCBDB) maintained by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Citation
Siam Journal on Scientific Computing
Volume
41

Keywords

ab initio, computational chemistry, computational chemistry comparison and b, density functional theory, quantum chemistry, uncertainty in measurement, virtual measurement

Citation

Irikura, K. , Johnson, R. and Kacker, R. (2004), Uncertainty Associated With Virtual Measurements From Computational Quantum Chemistry Models Using the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement, Siam Journal on Scientific Computing, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=831888 (Accessed June 15, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created September 1, 2004, Updated May 21, 2020