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Tuning Polymer Melt Fragility With Antiplasticizer Additives

Published

Author(s)

Robert A. Riggleman, Jack F. Douglas, J J. de Pablo

Abstract

A polymer-diluent model exhibiting antiplasticization has beendeveloped and characterized by molecular dynamics simulations. Antiplasticizer molecules are shown to decrease the glass transition temperature Tg, but to increase the elastic moduli of the polymeric material. The addition of antiplasticizing particles renders the polymer melt a stronger glass-forming material through various characteristic temperatures, the fragility parameter D from fits to the VFTH equation, and through the observation of the temperature dependence of the size of cooperatively rearranging regions (strings) in each system. The length of the strings exhibits a weaker temperature dependence in the antiplasticized glass-forming system than in the more fragile pure polymer, consistent with the Adam-Gibbs model of glass formation.Upon cooling, the strings become increasingly concentrated in the antiplasticizer particles. Finally, we discuss several structuralindicators of cooperative dynamics, and find that that the dynamic propensity gives a strong correlation with the mobility in eachsystem.
Citation
Journal of Chemical Physics
Volume
126

Keywords

antiplasticer additives, film imprinting, fragility, glass transition, nanoparticles, polymer melt, shear modulus, voronoi volume

Citation

Riggleman, R. , Douglas, J. and de Pablo, J. (2007), Tuning Polymer Melt Fragility With Antiplasticizer Additives, Journal of Chemical Physics, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=852717 (Accessed June 24, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created June 18, 2007, Updated October 12, 2021