Trapping Atoms With Evanescent Light Fields From Integrated Optical Waveguides
J P. Burke, S T. Chu, Garnett W. Bryant, Carl J. Williams, P S. Julience
We theoretically investigate three approaches to trapping atoms above linear integrated optical waveguides. A two-color scheme balances the decaying evanescent fields of red-and blue-detuned light to produce a potential minimum above the guide. A one-color surface trap proposal uses blue-detuned light and the attractive surface interaction to provide a potential minimum. A third proposal uses blue-detuned light in two guides positioned above and below one another. The atoms are confined in the dark spot in the vacumn gap between the guides. We find that all three approaches can be used in principle to trap atoms in two- or three-dimensions with a few 10's of mW of laser power. Of these three-dimensions with a few 10's of mW of laser power. Of these three methods, we show that the dark spot guide is the most robust to power fluctuations and provides the most viable design approach to constructing intergrated optical circuits that could transport and manipulate atoms in a controlled manner.
Photonics West 2001. Optical Pulse and Beam Propagation III.
January 24-25, 2001
Proceedings of the SPIE
atom optics, atom traps, dipole traps, integrated optics, waveguides
, Chu, S.
, Bryant, G.
, Williams, C.
and Julience, P.
Trapping Atoms With Evanescent Light Fields From Integrated Optical Waveguides, Photonics West 2001. Optical Pulse and Beam Propagation III.
(Accessed May 30, 2023)