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Transportation Effect and Basic Characteristics of Ni-Cr Based Metal-Foil Standard Resistors Examined in a Trilateral Comparison Pilot Study between KRISS, NIST and NMIJ



Marlin E. Kraft, Randolph E. Elmquist, Nobu-hisa Kaneko, Wan-Seop Kim, Dong Hun Chae, Takehiko Oe


The transportation effect and other important characteristics of 100-Ω standard resistors of a new construction have been studied. For transportation effect, four resistors have been transported by air between three national metrology institutes: the Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, the National Institute of Standards and Technology in USA and the National Metrology Institute of Japan. Two of the resistors have been transported in hand-carried luggage and the other two by normal air freight. Resistance values as well as other characteristics have been carefully evaluated before and after the transportation to the national metrology institutes. The measurements were done by means of their primary national standards based on the quantum Hall effect. No noticeable difference between the two transportation methods has been detected within a standard uncertainty of 0.01 μΩ/Ω. Other characteristics, the drift rate: about 0.05 (μΩ/Ω)/year or less, temperature coefficient: about 0.02 (μΩ/Ω)/◦C or less, and power coefficient: negligible, have been also reported. It is demonstrated that this excellent performance is suitable for utilization in national metrology institute and international comparisons.
IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement


international comparison, resistance standard standard resistor, transportation effect, quantum Hall effect.
Created June 1, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017