Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Transient Interfacial Instability in Bilayer Polymer Films As Observed by Neutron Reflectivity Studies

Published

Author(s)

M Hayashia, TT Hashimoto, M J. Weber, H Grull, A R. Esker, Charles C. Han, Sushil K. Satija

Abstract

We investigated fundamental processes involved in reactive blending of a system composed of polyamide (PA) and deuterated polysulfone having a reactive end group(R ) (dPSU-R) diluted with a low molecular mass polysulfone (low-PSU) by neutron reflectivity (NR). For this purpose we prepared bilayer films composed of a film of a uniform mixture of dPSU-R/low-PSU and a film of PA. We found an intriguing phenomenon associated with the transient instability of interface between the PA layer and the DPSU-R/low-PSU layer during annealing at high temperatures for chemical reaction between dPSU-R end-group and amine end groups of PA. The transient interface instability, as observed by a transient disappearance of the reflectivity fringes followed by a subsequent recovery of the fringes during annealing at the reaction temperatures, was found to be caused by a transient interdiffusion of a small molecular mass fraction of low-PSU into the PA layer and to be coupled with the Kerkendall effect, a shift of the average position of the interface due to the interdiffusion. Thus the special Kerkendall effect observed here was accompanied by the transient interface instability.
Citation
Macromolecules
Volume
42
Issue
No. 24

Keywords

interdiffusion, Neutron reflectivity, polyamide, polysulfone, reactive blending, transient interface instability

Citation

Hayashia, M. , Hashimoto, T. , Weber, M. , Grull, H. , Esker, A. , Han, C. and Satija, S. (2001), Transient Interfacial Instability in Bilayer Polymer Films As Observed by Neutron Reflectivity Studies, Macromolecules, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=851723 (Accessed February 22, 2024)
Created October 31, 2001, Updated October 12, 2021