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Transient Analysis of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations for Estimating Emission Rates

Published

Author(s)

Andrew K. Persily, Cynthia H. Reed, Steven J. Nabinger

Abstract

While VOC emissions rates have been obtained for building materials and furnishings in chambers, field measurements are more difficult due to the existence of multiple and time-varying sources, variations in ventilation rates, impacts of adsorption and desorption, and other complexities associated with field testing. Procedures to estimate emission rates and sink parameters using transient analysis of VOC concentrations are applied in a two-story classroom/office building. The analysis is based on semi-realtime VOC concentrations determined with a portable GC/FID and simultaneous air change rate measurements using tracer gas decay. The results of the analysis yield consistent values of emission rates for building materials, but less consistent estimates of emission rates associated with occupant activities and of sink model parameters. The approach can be used in other buildings, and the results indicate that simultaneous air change rate measurements are critical to estimating VOC emission rates in the field.
Citation
Atmospheric Environment
Volume
37

Keywords

emission rates, field testing, measurement, volatile organic compounds

Citation

Persily, A. , Reed, C. and Nabinger, S. (2003), Transient Analysis of Volatile Organic Compound Concentrations for Estimating Emission Rates, Atmospheric Environment (Accessed May 22, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created December 1, 2003, Updated February 19, 2017