Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Towards Development of an Automated Guided Vehicle Intelligence Level Performance Standard



Roger V. Bostelman, Elena R. Messina


Automated Guided Vehicles (AGV's) have typically used for industrial material handling since the 1950's. Since then, US and European safety standards have evolved to protect nearby workers. However, no performance standards have been developed for these systems. Lessons can be learned for developing such a standard from other research and standards thrusts for mobile robots applied to search and rescue and military applications. Research challenges, test and evaluations, and intelligence-level efforts have also occurred that can support industrial AGV developments into higher-level intelligence systems and provide useful standards development criteria for AGV performance test methods. This paper provides background information referenced from all of these areas to support the need for an AGV performance standard.
Autonomous Industrial Vehicles: From the Laboratory to the Factory Floor
Publisher Info
ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA


motion capture, automatic guided vehicle, robot work cell, performance measurement, ground truth, standards
Created May 31, 2016, Updated February 19, 2017