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Toward chip-scale atomic clocks



C. T-C. Nguyen, John Kitching


This paper describes work towards the use of integrated microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology to shrink atomic clocks from their present-day table-top sizes down to only one cubic-centimeter, while retaining exceptional timing stability on the order of 10-11 Allan deviation integrated over one hour, and all while consuming less than 30 mW of power.
Proceedings Title
Proc. Intl. Solid State Circuits Conf., ISSCC
Conference Dates
September 20-24, 2004
Conference Location
Leuven, 1, BE
Conference Title
Intl. Solid State Circuits Conf., ISSCC


atomic clock, chip-scale atomic clock, compact frequency reference, MEMS, microfabrication


Nguyen, C. and Kitching, J. (2005), Toward chip-scale atomic clocks, Proc. Intl. Solid State Circuits Conf., ISSCC, Leuven, 1, BE, [online], (Accessed February 27, 2024)
Created February 6, 2005, Updated October 12, 2021