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Topography measurements for correlations of standard cartridge cases



Theodore V. Vorburger, Jun-Feng Song, Wei Chu, Thomas Brian Renegar, Xiaoyu Alan Zheng, James H. Yen, Robert M. Thompson, Richard M. Silver, Benjamin Bachrach, Martin Ols


NIST Standard Reference Materials (SRM) 2460 Standard Bullets and 2461 Standard Cartridge Cases are intended for use as check standards for crime laboratories to help verify that their computerized optical imaging equipment for ballistics image acquisitions and correlations is operating properly. Using topography measurements and cross-correlation methods, our earlier results for the SRM bullets and recent results for the SRM cartridge cases both demonstrate that the individual units of the SRMs are highly reproducible. Currently, we are developing procedures for topographic imaging of the firing pin impressions, breech face impressions, and ejector marks of the standard cartridge cases. The initial results lead us to conclude that all three areas can be measured accurately and routinely using confocal techniques. We are also nearing conclusion of a project with crime lab experts to test sets of both SRM cartridge cases and SRM bullets using the automated commercial systems of the NIBIN project.
Proceedings Title
SPIE Scanning Microscopy
Conference Dates
May 17-19, 2010
Conference Location
Monterey, CA
Conference Title
SPIE Proceedings 7729


Forensic science, ballistics identification, standard bullet, standard casing, topography measurement, confocal


Vorburger, T. , Song, J. , Chu, W. , , T. , , X. , Yen, J. , Thompson, R. , , R. , Bachrach, B. and Ols, M. (2010), Topography measurements for correlations of standard cartridge cases, SPIE Scanning Microscopy, Monterey, CA, [online], (Accessed April 22, 2024)
Created June 30, 2010, Updated February 19, 2017