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Three-Magnon Bound States in the Quasi-One-Dimensional Antiferromagnet α-NaMnO2



Rebecca L Dally, Alvin J. R. Heng, Anna Keselman, Mitchell M. Bordelon, Matthew B. Stone, Leon Balents, Stephen D. Wilson


Here we report on the formation of two and three magnon bound states in the quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnet α-NaMnO2, where the single-ion, uniaxial anisotropy inherent to the Mn3+ ions in this material provides a binding mechanism capable of stabilizing higher order magnon bound states. While such states have long remained elusive in studies of antiferromagnetic chains, neutron scattering data presented here demonstrate that higher order Η > 2 composite magnons exist, and, specifically, that a weak three-magnon bound state is detected below the antiferromagnetic ordering transition of NaMnO2. We corroborate our findings with exact numerical simulations of a one-dimensional Heisenberg chain with easy-axis anisotropy using matrix-product state techniques, finding a good quantitative agreement with the experiment. These results establish α-NaMnO2 as a unique platform for exploring the dynamics of composite magnon states inherent to a classical antiferromagnetic spin chain with Ising-like single ion anisotropy.
Physical Review Letters


neutron scattering, magnons, frustrated magnetism


, R. , R., A. , Keselman, A. , , M. , , M. , Balents, L. and , S. (2020), Three-Magnon Bound States in the Quasi-One-Dimensional Antiferromagnet &#945;-NaMnO<sub>2</sub>, Physical Review Letters, [online], (Accessed July 14, 2024)


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Created May 13, 2020, Updated August 27, 2020