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Threat Modeling for Cloud Infrastructures



Nawaf Alhebaishi, Lingyu Wang, Anoop Singhal


Today's businesses are increasingly relying on the cloud as an alternative IT solution due to its flexibility and lower cost. Compared to traditional enterprise networks, a cloud infrastructure is typically much larger and more complex. Understanding the potential security threats in such infrastructures is naturally more challenging than in traditional networks. This is evidenced by the fact that there are limited efforts on threat modeling for cloud infrastructures. In this paper, we conduct comprehensive threat modeling exercises based on two representative cloud infrastructures using several popular threat modeling methods, including attack surface, attack trees, attack graphs, and security metrics based on attack trees and attack graphs, respectively. Those threat modeling efforts may provide cloud providers useful lessons toward better understanding and improving the security of their cloud infrastructures. In addition, we show how hardening solution can be applied based on the threat models and security metrics through extended exercises. Such results may not only benefit the cloud provider but also embed more confidence in cloud tenants by providing them a clearer picture of the potential threats and mitigation solutions.
EAI Endorsed Transactions on Security and Safety


Threat Modeling, Cloud Infrastructure, Attack Surface, Attack Tree, Attack Graph, Security Metrics, Network Hardening


Alhebaishi, N. , Wang, L. and Singhal, A. (2018), Threat Modeling for Cloud Infrastructures, EAI Endorsed Transactions on Security and Safety, [online],, (Accessed April 25, 2024)
Created December 20, 2018, Updated October 12, 2021