Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Thermodynamic re-assessment of the Co-Al-W system

Published

Author(s)

Peisheng Wang, Wei Xiong, Ursula R. Kattner, Carelyn E. Campbell, Eric Lass, Oleg Y. Kontsevoi, Gregory B. Olson

Abstract

The Co-Al-W system and its binary sub-systems Al-Co, Al-W and Co-W were critically reviewed. The thermodynamic description of the Co-Al-W system including all three binaries was developed considering thermodynamic and constitutional data of the systems. Results from density functional theory (DFT) calculations were employed to improve reliability of the descriptions. The Gibbs energy for the thermal vacancy in the Bcc_A2 phase is discussed. GVa = 30 J/(mol∙K)×T is suggested for the Gibbs energy of the pure vacancy end-member. Large positive values were used for the interaction parameters between the elements, Al, Co and W, and this vacancy. The descriptions obtained for the Al-W and Co-W systems describe the thermodynamic and phase equilibrium data well. Earlier description of the Al-Co and Al-W systems result in the formation of inverse miscibility gaps below 5000 K. In the present work, the inverse miscibility gaps were successfully eliminated for temperatures below 6000 K while describing the phase equilibria and thermodynamic data well. The ordered γ’ (Fcc_L12) phase of the Co-Al-W system is described as a metastable phase in the entire temperature range. The calculated Gibbs energy of the γ’ is only slightly above that of the equilibrium state, which indicates that there is good possibility of stabilizing the γ’ phase with the addition of γ’-stabilizing elements, such as Ti, Ta and Hf.
Citation
Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry
Volume
59

Keywords

CALPHAD, Co alloys, superalloys, thermodynamics, phase diagram

Citation

Wang, P. , Xiong, W. , Kattner, U. , Campbell, C. , Lass, E. , Kontsevoi, O. and Olson, G. (2017), Thermodynamic re-assessment of the Co-Al-W system, Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2017.09.007 (Accessed August 12, 2022)
Created October 2, 2017, Updated February 11, 2019