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Thermodynamic Properties of o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Ethylbenzene



Eric W. Lemmon, Yong Zhou, Jiangtao Wu


Equations of state for the xylene isomers (o-xylene, m-xylene, and p-xylene) and ethylbenzene have been developed with the use of the Helmholtz energy as the fundamental property with independent variables of density and temperature. The general uncertainties of the equations of state are 0.5 % in vapor pressure above the normal-boiling point, and increase as the temperature decreases due to a lack of experimental data. The uncertainties in density range from 0.1 % in the liquid region to 1.0 % elsewhere (the critical and vapor-phase regions). The uncertainties in properties related to energy (such as heat capacity and sound speed) are estimated to be 1.0 %. In the critical region, the uncertainties are higher for all properties. The behavior of the equations of state is reasonable within the region of validity and at higher and lower temperatures and pressures. Detailed analyses between the equations and experimental data are reported in the article.
J. Phys. & Chem. Ref. Data (JPCRD) -


equation of state, ethylbenzene, o-xylene, m-xylene, p-xylene, xylene isomers


Lemmon, E. , Zhou, Y. and Wu, J. (2012), Thermodynamic Properties of o-Xylene, m-Xylene, p-Xylene, and Ethylbenzene, J. Phys. & Chem. Ref. Data (JPCRD), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 20, 2024)


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Created June 27, 2012, Updated June 2, 2021