The detailed ideal gas thermodynamic properties of 29 organic nitro and nitrate compounds and two of their radicals are presented. Most of these compounds are high explosives: TNT, RDX, HMX, PETN, NPN, NG, while others serve as propellants or specialty fuels such as nitromethane. The thermodynamic properties were calculated using fundamental molecular data. The molecular data were gathered from the literature or calculated for this purpose. The enthalpy of formation of l-nitro-pentane was estimated to be -39.3 ± 0.5 kcal/mol and that of 1-nitro-hexane as -44.3 ± 0.7 kcal/mol in the gaseous form and -57.8 ± 0.7 kcal/mol in the liquid form.
J. Phys. & Chem. Ref. Data (JPCRD) -
explosives, nitrate-compounds, nitro-compounds, thermodynamics