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Texture and Phase Analysis of a Ca3Co4O9 / Si (100) Thermoelectric Film



Winnie K. Wong-Ng, Y F. Hu, Mark D. Vaudin, B He, Makoto Otani, Nathan Lowhorn, Q Li


This paper reports the texture analysis as well as the identification of two crystalline phases between a thin film of monoclinic Ca3Co4O9 and a cubic (100) Si substrate, using a diffractometer equipped with a 2-dimensional area detector. No reflections other than 00l were observed in the symmetric configuration using a x-ray powder diffraction scan (Bragg-Brantano geometry). Pole figures collected for six reflections using asymmetric configurations did not show ab plane epitaxial relationships between the film and the substrate. These results establish the Ca3Co4O9 fiber texture of the film with the (001) pole parallel to the surface normal. Single-crystal-like second phases, CaCoSi2O6 and CoO, presumably the interface reaction products of Ca3Co4O9 with the substrate Si, were identified. The near 4-fold symmetry and the similar intensity displayed by both 220 and 400 reflections from the CaCoSi2O6 structure indicated an epitaxial relation between CaCoSi2O6 and Si with four symmetry-induced variants being generated with approximately equal volume fractions.
Journal of Applied Physics


Ca<sub>3</sub>Co<sub>4</sub>O<sub>9</sub> film, CaCoSi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>6</sub>, CoO, fiber texture, interfacial reactions, second phases, Si substrate, thermoelectric material


Wong-Ng, W. , Hu, Y. , Vaudin, M. , He, B. , Otani, M. , Lowhorn, N. and Li, Q. (2007), Texture and Phase Analysis of a Ca<sub>3</sub>Co<sub>4</sub>O<sub>9</sub> / Si (100) Thermoelectric Film, Journal of Applied Physics (Accessed July 16, 2024)


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Created July 26, 2007, Updated February 19, 2017