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Testing the stability of plasma protein and whole blood RNA in archived blood of loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta

Published

Author(s)

Kelly Townsend, Jennifer Ness, Jennifer Hoguet, Nicole Stacy, Lisa M. Komoroske, Jennifer Lynch

Abstract

Sample storage conditions can affect accuracy and reproducibility of biological measurements. Storing samples rapidly at lowest available temperatures is considered ideal but is not always feasible when sampling endangered sea turtles in remote and logistically challenging field conditions. The objective of this study was to examine the stability of plasma proteins and quality of whole blood RNA from loggerhead sea turtle samples collected as part of an eighteen- year-long curated specimen collection. These variables are often used to assess sea turtle health; therefore, it is necessary to maintain the integrity of these components during storage. Protein electrophoresis was conducted on heparinized plasma from individual turtles collected in 2018 (n =3), 2008 (n =3), and 2001 (n = 3). Plasma was also pooled from four turtles sampled in 2018 and subjected to various storage temperatures. Whole blood was collected in blood collection tubes containing sodium heparin or PAXgene tubes with an RNA preservative. These were subjected to different storage treatments that can likely occur during logistically difficult field sampling. Following the various treatments, plasma proteins showed minor differences across collection years, and no differences among storage treatments were observed, even when exposed to 38 ℃ for three hours. RNA quality was assessed from whole blood using an RNA Integrity Number (RIN). RINs were too poor from sodium heparin tubes that were frozen and from PAXgene tubes after an extended thaw. High quality RNA was obtained from a sodium heparin tube that was never frozen and from PAXgene tubes with delayed freezing up to 11 days. Overall, these results indicate that plasma proteins remain stable over time and when exposed to undesirable storage conditions, and RNA degrades rapidly in sea turtle blood after freezing. These aspects are important to consider when planning sampling protocols and logistics for optimal long-term sample preservation.
Citation
Biopreservation and Biobanking
Volume
18
Issue
5

Keywords

plasma electrophoresis, RNA quality, biorepository, marine turtle, reptile, pre-analytical variables

Citation

Townsend, K. , Ness, J. , Hoguet, J. , Stacy, N. , Komoroske, L. and Lynch, J. (2020), Testing the stability of plasma protein and whole blood RNA in archived blood of loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, Biopreservation and Biobanking, [online], https://doi.org/10.1089/bio.2020.0026 (Accessed July 23, 2024)

Issues

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Created September 29, 2020, Updated October 12, 2021