Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Temperature Profiles and Thermal Losses in 150 Watt High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

Published

Author(s)

John J. Curry, Craig J. Sansonetti, J C. Wang

Abstract

A series of 150 W quartz metal-halide test lamps containing four different chemistries has been studied with optical emission spectroscopy and x-ray absorption imaging. The four chemistries are pure Hg, Hg-HgI$_2$, Hg-NaI, and Hg-NaI-DyI$_3$. Core temperatures and comprehensive distributions of Hg vapor densities were measured and combined to obtain comprehensive gas temperature distributions. The concentrations of additives in these specially designed test lamps were found to be much smaller than is typical for a commercial metal-halide lamp. As a consequence, the core temperatures in all lamps are largely characteristic of a pure Hg discharge. The gas temperature distributions have been used to determine power losses resulting from thermal conduction through the Hg vapor. The fraction of total input power dissipated thermally was found to be $0.45\pm 0.01$ in pure Hg, similar to published measurements for such lamps. In the Hg-NaI and Hg-NaI-DyI$_3$ lamps, thermal losses are $0.37\pm 0.01$ and $0.38\pm 0.01$, respectively. The Hg-HgI$_2$ lamp has thermal losses of $0.26\pm 0.02$.
Citation
Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics

Keywords

emission spectroscopy, Hg, high intensity discharge lamp, lighting, metal-halide lamp, plasma, temperature, thermal losses, x-ray imaging

Citation

Curry, J. , Sansonetti, C. and Wang, J. (2005), Temperature Profiles and Thermal Losses in 150 Watt High-Intensity Discharge Lamps, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=840740 (Accessed February 21, 2024)
Created August 19, 2005, Updated February 17, 2017