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Temperature Control of Pulse Heated Specimens in a Kolsky Bar Apparatus Using Microsecond Time-Resolved Pyrometry



D Basak, Howard W. Yoon, Richard L. Rhorer, Timothy J. Burns, T Matsumoto


Analysis of maching processes is important in the understanding and improving of manufacturing methods. The modeling of machining processes relies on high-strain-rate, high-temperature material properties. A split-Hopkinson (or Kolsky) bar has been developed at NIST, for this purpose. By heating the material specimen rapidly with a controlled current pulse prior to the mechanical impact in the bar, structural changes in the specimen are inhibited, thus better simulating conditions during machining. A stress-strain relationship can be determined at various temperatures for a range of materials.For the elevated temperature Kolsky experiments it is essential for the specimen to be maintained at a constant and uniform temperature prior to the dynamic loading. We describe the development and implementation of a near-infrared micro-pyrometer (NIMPY) to the precision control of Kolsky specimen temperature preceding the mechanical impact. The pulse-heating system can be operated either in the transient mode, where the current to the Kolsky specimen is switched off at a preset temperature or time, or in the brief steady-state mode, where the specimen is heated rapidly to achieve the desired temperature (in the range from 400 K to 1300 K) in a short time (about 200 ms) and then held isothermally for a brief period (
International Journal of Thermophysics
25 No 2


Kolsky bar apparatus, PID control, pulse heating, pyrometry, temperature control


Basak, D. , Yoon, H. , Rhorer, R. , Burns, T. and Matsumoto, T. (2004), Temperature Control of Pulse Heated Specimens in a Kolsky Bar Apparatus Using Microsecond Time-Resolved Pyrometry, International Journal of Thermophysics (Accessed November 30, 2023)
Created March 1, 2004, Updated February 17, 2017