Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Techniques for Measurements in Concentrated Systems



Vincent A. Hackley


Concentrated suspensions present a number of technical challenges for characterization and monitoring of the solid phase. Recent developments have provided the means to analyze many concentrated systems directly or at solids loadings more closely resembling process conditions. This paper provides a general overview of four techniques: diffusing wave spectroscopy, ultra-small-angle x-ray scattering, acoustic spectroscopy and electroacoustics. Consideration is given to their particular advantages, limitations and applications.
Acs Symposium Series


acoustic spectroscopy, ceramics, colloids, concentrated suspensions, diffusing wave spectroscopy, electroacoustics, particle size, particles, small angle x-ray scattering


Hackley, V. (2004), Techniques for Measurements in Concentrated Systems, Acs Symposium Series (Accessed April 20, 2024)
Created February 1, 2004, Updated February 19, 2017