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Systematic uncertainty due to background-gas collisions in trapped-ion optical clocks

Published

Author(s)

Aaron M. Hankin, Ethan Clements, Huang Yao, Samuel M. Brewer, Jwo-Sy Chen, Chin-wen Chou, David Hume, David Leibrandt

Abstract

We describe a framework for calculating the frequency shift and uncertainty of trapped-ion optical atomic clocks caused by background-gas collisions, and apply this framework to an 27Al+ quantum-logic clock to enable a total fractional systematic uncertainty below 10-18. For this clock, with 38(19) nPa of room temperature H2 background gas, we find that collisional heating generates a non-thermal distribution of motional states with a mean time-dilation shift of order 10-16. However, the contribution of collisional heating to the spectroscopy signal is highly suppressed and the uncertainty of the -0.6(2.4)x10-19 calculated collision shift is dominated by the unknown collisional phase shift of the 27Al+ superposition state. We experimentally validate the framework and determine the background-gas pressure in situ using measurements of the rate of collisions that cause reordering of mixed-species ion pairs.
Citation
Physical Review Letters

Keywords

atomic clocks, collisions, trapped ions

Citation

Hankin, A. , Clements, E. , Yao, H. , Brewer, S. , Chen, J. , Chou, C. , Hume, D. and Leibrandt, D. (2019), Systematic uncertainty due to background-gas collisions in trapped-ion optical clocks, Physical Review Letters, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=927468 (Accessed May 21, 2024)

Issues

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Created September 30, 2019, Updated October 12, 2021