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Synthetic Electric and Magnetic Fields for Ultracold Neutral Atoms



William D. Phillips, Yu-Ju Lin, Robert L. Compton, Karina K. Jimenez Garcia, Abigail R. Perry, James V. Porto, Ian B. Spielman


We use Raman coupling between magnetic sublevels of a 87Rb Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) to create an effective vector gauge field for the neutral atoms. They behave as if they were charged particles in a magnetic vector potential. With appropriate spatial gradients and time derivatives of this vector potential we produce synthetic magnetic and electric fields for the atoms. This paper is a brief summary of the presentation made by the first author at ICAP 2010 in Cairns, Australia. It is not intended as a complete report on the research described, nor does it attempt to be a fully referenced documentation of that research and the relevant literature. We do, however, provide references to the published work where a more complete description and more complete references to related literature may be found.
Proceedings Title
International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP) 2010. (World Scientific)
Conference Dates
July 25-30, 2010
Conference Location


Bose-Einstein condensation, cold atomic gases, quantum simulation, synthetic electric field, synthetic magnetic field, vector gauge field


Phillips, W. , Lin, Y. , Compton, R. , Jimenez, K. , Perry, A. , Porto, J. and Spielman, I. (2011), Synthetic Electric and Magnetic Fields for Ultracold Neutral Atoms, International Conference on Atomic Physics (ICAP) 2010. (World Scientific), Cairns, -1, [online], (Accessed April 19, 2024)
Created January 1, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017