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A Survey of hp-Adaptive Strategies for Elliptic Partial Differential Equations



William F. Mitchell, Marjorie A. McClain


The hp version of the finite element method (hp-FEM) combined with adaptive mesh refinement is a particularly efficient method for solving partial differential equations because it can achieve a convergence rate that is exponential in the number of degrees of freedom. hp-FEM allows for refinement in both the element size, h, and the polynomial degree, p. Like adaptive refinement for the h version of the finite element method, a posteriori error estimates can be used to determine where the mesh needs to be refined, but a single error estimate can not simultaneously determine whether it is better to do the refinement by h or by p. Several strategies for making this determination have been proposed over the years. In this paper we summarize these strategies and demonstrate the exponential convergence rates with two classic test problems.
Recent Advances in Computational and Applied Mathematics
Publisher Info
Springer, New York, NY


elliptic partial differential equations, finite elements, hp-adaptive strategy, hp-FEM


Mitchell, W. and McClain, M. (2011), A Survey of hp-Adaptive Strategies for Elliptic Partial Differential Equations, Springer, New York, NY, [online], (Accessed March 1, 2024)
Created January 3, 2011, Updated June 2, 2021