Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Surface Dynamics of "Dry" Homopolymer Brushes

Published

Author(s)

Bulent Akgun, Gokce Ugur, Jianqiang Zhang, Suresh Narayanan, Sanghoon Song, Heegu Lee, William J. Brittain, Hyunjung G. Kim, Sunil K. Sinha, Mark Foster

Abstract

The dynamics of the surface height fluctuations on layers of covalently tethered, nearly monodisperse polymer chains synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization were studied using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. The data reveal that both polystyrene and poly(n- butyl acrylate) "brushes" have structure at the surface with length scales in the region of 620 to 3100 nm, but the surface features show no relaxation in a time window of 0.1 to 1000 seconds, even at temperatures more than 130 °C above the glass transition temperature of corresponding untethered chains. This remarkable alteration of the dynamics is compared with the suppression of fluctuations on this length scale anticipated by thermodynamic theories. The alteration of surface dynamics by tethering has implications for wetting, friction, and adhesion.
Citation
Macromolecules
Volume
42
Issue
3

Keywords

polymer brushes, surface dynamics, surface fluctuations, XPCS

Citation

Akgun, B. , Ugur, G. , Zhang, J. , Narayanan, S. , Song, S. , Lee, H. , Brittain, W. , Kim, H. , Sinha, S. and Foster, M. (2009), Surface Dynamics of "Dry" Homopolymer Brushes, Macromolecules, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=610059 (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created February 10, 2009, Updated March 18, 2024