Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Structure, magnetism, and tunable microwave properties of pulsed laser deposition grown barium ferrite/barium strontium titanate bilayer films



Ranko R. Heindl, H. Srikanth, T. Weller, S. Witanachchi, P. Mukherjee, A. S. Tatarenko, G. Srinivasan


Ferrite/ferroelectric films are of interest as they afford dual tunability of the permeability and permittivity using magnetic and electric fields. We have grown bilayered thin films of ferrimagnetic BaFe12O19 (BaM) and ferroelectric Ba0.5Sr0.5TiO3 (BST) on A-oriented polished sapphire substrates using pulsed laser deposition. X-ray thin film analysis (θ-2θ and azimuthal scans) established highly oriented crystalline films. Magnetic hysteresis loops indicated large magnetic anisotropy between the in-plane and out-of-plane field orientations and the M-H characteristics of BaM were influenced by the presence of the BST layer. Electrical and magnetic tunability studies of the bilayers in the frequency range of 1 65 GHz are also reported.
Journal of Applied Physics
Created April 2, 1997, Updated February 19, 2017