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Structural Basis of Thermostability: Analysis of Stabilizing Mutations in Subtilisin BPN

Published

Author(s)

O Almog, David Travis Gallagher, Jane E. Ladner, S Strausberg, Patrick Alexander, Phillip Bryan, G L. Gilliland

Abstract

The crystal structures of two thermally stabilized subtilisin BPN' variants, S63 and S88, are reported here at 1.8 and 1.9 resolution, respectively. The micromolar affinity calcium-binding site (site A) has been deleted (δ 75-83) in these variants, enabling the activity and thermostability measurements in chelating conditions. Each of the variants includes mutations known previously to increase the thermostability of calcium independent subtilisin in addition to new stabilizing mutations. S63 has eight amino-acid replacements: D41A, M50F, A73L, Q206W, Y217K, N218S, S221C, and Q271E. S63 has 75-fold greater stability than wild type subtilisin in chelating conditions (10 mM EDTA). The other variant, S88, has ten site-specific changes: Q2K, S3C, P5S, K43N, M50F, A73L, Q206C, Y217K, N218S, and Q271E. The two new cysteines form a disulfide bond, and S88 has 1000 times greater stability than wild type subtilisin in chelating conditions. Comparisons of the two new crystal structures (S63 in space group P21 with cell constants 41.2, 78.1, 36.7, and Β = 114.6 and S88 in space group P212121 with cell constants 54.2 and 60.4, and 82.7) with previous structures of subtilisin BPN reveal the principal changes are in the N-terminal region. The structural basis of the stabilization effects of the new mutations Q2K, S3C, P5S, D41A, Q206C, and Q206W are generally apparent. The effects are attributed to the new disulfide cross-link and to improved hydrophobic packing, new hydrogen bonds, and other rearrangements in the N terminal region.
Citation
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume
277
Issue
30

Keywords

calcium-independent, disulfide, enzyme, protein engineering, structure, subtilizin BPN, thermostability

Citation

Almog, O. , Gallagher, D. , Ladner, J. , Strausberg, S. , Alexander, P. , Bryan, P. and Gilliland, G. (2002), Structural Basis of Thermostability: Analysis of Stabilizing Mutations in Subtilisin BPN, Journal of Biological Chemistry (Accessed February 29, 2024)
Created July 25, 2002, Updated October 12, 2021