Strain and Spin-Orbit Effects in Self-Assembled Quantum Dots
M Zielinski, W Jaskolski, Javier Aizpurua, Garnett W. Bryant
The effects of strain and spin-orbit interaction in self-assembled lens-shaped InAs/GaAs quantum dots are investigated. Calculations are performed with empirical tight-binding theory supplemented by the valence force field method to account for effects of strain caused by lattice mismatch at the InAs-GaAs interface. It is shown that both effects influence strongly the electron and hole energy structure: splitting of the energy levels, the number of bound states, density distributions and transition rates. We show that piezoelectric effects are almost negligible in quantum dots of the size investigated.