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Standardization of 64Cu activity



Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman


The complex decay scheme that makes 64Cu promising as both an imaging and therapeutic agent in medicine also makes the absolute measurement of its activity challenging. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has completed a primary activity standardization of a 64CuCl2 solution using the 4πβ(LS)-γ(NaI) live-timed anticoincidence (LTAC) counting method. Two liquid scintillation (LS) counting methods were employed for confirmatory measurements. Secondary measurements were made by high-purity germanium detectors, pressurized ionization chambers (IC), and a well-type NaI(Tl) counter. Agreement between the LTAC-based standard and standards from other laboratories was established via IC calibration factors. Poor agreement between methods and with theoretical IC responses may indicate a need for improved β+/- branching probabilities and a better treatment of β+/- spectra.
Applied Radiation and Isotopes


Copper-64, beta-gamma coincidence method, anticoincidence, liquid scintillation, triple-to- double coincidence ratio, TDCR, efficiency tracing, Monte Carlo, ionization chamber, nuclear decay data


Bergeron, D. , Cessna, J. , Fitzgerald, R. , Pibida, L. and Zimmerman, B. (2018), Standardization of 64Cu activity, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, [online], (Accessed July 12, 2024)


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Created May 25, 2018, Updated March 12, 2020