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A Standard System Phantom for Magnetic Resonance Imaging



Maureen Ainslie, Michael A. Boss, Cecil Charles, Laurence Clarke, Jeffrey L. Evelhoch, Paul Finn, Derek L. Hill, Katy Keenan, Guoying Liu, Karl Stupic, Chun Yuan, Michele Martin, Maureen Ainslie, Nikki Rentz


A standard MRI system phantom has been designed and fabricated to assess scanner performance, scanner stability, scanner inter-comparability and accuracy of quantitative relaxation time imaging. The phantom is unique in having SI-traceability, a high level of precision, and long- term stability monitoring by a national metrology institute. Here we describe the phantom design, construction, and imaging protocols. The system phantom is designed to determine accuracy of many parameters including geometric distortion, resolution, slice profile, proton spin relation times, B1 distortion and proton density. This type of calibration structure is required to transition MRI from a qualitative imaging technique to a precise metrology with documented accuracy and uncertainty.
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine


MRI, Quantitative MRI, Quality Assurance, MRI Standards


Ainslie, M. , Boss, M. , Charles, C. , Clarke, L. , Evelhoch, J. , Finn, P. , Hill, D. , Keenan, K. , Liu, G. , Stupic, K. , Yuan, C. , Martin, M. , Ainslie, M. and Rentz, N. (2021), A Standard System Phantom for Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, [online], (Accessed July 23, 2024)


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Created April 13, 2021, Updated September 21, 2022