Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.


The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Spin Transfer Precessional Dynamics in Co60Fe20B20 Nanocontacts



William H. Rippard, Matthew R. Pufall, Michael L. Schneider, Kevin Garello, Stephen E. Russek


We report on the precessional dynamics in spin transfer oscillators having Co60Fe20B20 free layers as a function of annealing time at 225 °C. Repeated annealing reduces the critical current Ic by roughly a factor of 3 and increases the tunability of the oscillation frequency with current df/dI. The decrease in Ic correlates with an increasing giant magnetoresistance (GMR) during the first 3 h of annealing. For longer times, df/dI continues to increase, although the GMR does not. The variations in the macroscopic Co60Fe20B20 magnetization parameters and contact dimensions with annealing are not sufficient to account for the later changes.
Applied Physics Letters


magnetodynamics, microwave, spin transfer
Created March 14, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017