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Spin Nomenclature for Semiconductors and Magnetic Metals

Published

Author(s)

B Jonker, A Hanbicki, Daniel T. Pierce, Mark D. Stiles

Abstract

The different conventions used in the semiconductor and magnetic metals communities can cause confusion in the context of spin polarization and transport in simple heterostructures. In semiconductors, terminology is based on the orientation of the electron spin, while in magnetic metals it is based on the orientation of the moment. In the rapidly expanding field of spintronics, where both semiconductors and magnetic metals are important, some commonly used terms ("spin-up", "majority spin") can have different meanings. Here, we clarify nomenclature relevant to spin transport and optical polarization by relating the common physical observables and "definitions" of spin polarization to the fundamental concept of conservation of angular momentum within a well-defined reference frame.
Citation
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume
277
Issue
1-2

Keywords

angular momentum, ferromagnet, helicity, magnetic movement, polarization, semiconductor, spin

Citation

Jonker, B. , Hanbicki, A. , Pierce, D. and Stiles, M. (2004), Spin Nomenclature for Semiconductors and Magnetic Metals, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=620552 (Accessed May 19, 2024)

Issues

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Created May 31, 2004, Updated October 12, 2021