Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Solidification

Published

Author(s)

William J. Boettinger, Dilip K. Banerjee

Abstract

In this chapter, we give a general view of the formation of the solid from its melt. This process is generally driven by the extraction of heat from the melt but fluid flow has a major influence on solidification. Thus an early section deals with transport phenomena. Phase diagrams and the associated thermodynamics data bases and software play a major role in solidification and so a subsequent section treats this topic. The following sections treat nucleation, interface attachment kinetics, solute distribution, cellular and dendritic growth and polyphase solidification. Subsequently, the effect of flow on the grain structure of castings, macrosegregation and porosity are treated. Finally we provide a discussion of developing processes employing various aspects of soldification.
Citation
A Chapter in Physical Metallurgy
Publisher Info
Elsevier, Maryland Heights, MO

Keywords

Solidification, Physical Metallurgy, Microstructure, Casting, Review, Thermodynamics & Kinetics

Citation

Boettinger, W. and Banerjee, D. (2014), Solidification, A Chapter in Physical Metallurgy, Elsevier, Maryland Heights, MO (Accessed April 17, 2024)
Created December 19, 2014, Updated December 10, 2019