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Small Punch Testing to Estimate the Tensile and Fracture Properties of Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V



Enrico Lucon, Jake Benzing, Nik Hrabe, Nicholas Derimow


Small Punch (SP) testing is a methodology that uses tiny disks (generally 8 mm in diameter and 0.5 mm thick) to estimate mechanical properties of metallic materials, such as tensile properties, fracture toughness, and ductile-to-brittle transition temperature. Empirical correlations are typically used to infer conventional mechanical properties from characteristic forces and displacements obtained from the test record. Most of the available literature relates to SP testing of steels, while relatively little is available for other metallic materials. At NIST in Boulder, Colorado, we conducted SP tests on additively manufactured (AM) Ti-6Al-4V with different processing parameters (scan length, type of connection between specimens and build plate, Hot Isostatic Pressing conditions). Force/punch displacement curves appeared different than those typically reported for steels, and correlations with tensile and fracture parameters were generally weaker than those published for steel samples. It appears that the application of the SP technique, which is characterized by a biaxial loading mode, to materials with high anisotropy such as AM materials may be somewhat problematic and therefore of limited applicability.
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance


Additive manufacturing, empirical correlations, fracture toughness, Small Punch, tensile properties, Ti-6Al-4V


Lucon, E. , Benzing, J. , Hrabe, N. and Derimow, N. (2021), Small Punch Testing to Estimate the Tensile and Fracture Properties of Additively Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, [online],, (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created March 15, 2021, Updated April 11, 2023