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In Situ Monitoring of Cu/Al Laser Welding using Laser Induced Fluorescence



Brian Simonds, Tran N. Tran, Paul A. Williams


We investigate laser spot welding of 200 µm thick Cu and Al foils using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The key to strong Cu/Al welds is limited intermetallic compound formation through controlled molten metal interaction time. For laser lap welds, Cu in the vapor plume is indicative of the degree of Cu melting. LIF sensitively detects individual elements and is used to interrogate the vapor plume for the earliest evidence of Cu atoms. We perform welds across a wide range of laser power (3–8 kW) for a pulse duration of 2 ms. We qualitatively determine weld strength by mechanically pulling apart the samples. Temporally-resolved LIF signals, along with backscattered laser light monitoring, demonstrate Cu detection immediately upon Al penetration. We find that LIF can detect Cu even under laser power conditions too weak to create a strong weld, which suggests that LIF may be sensitive enough for real-time, in situ monitoring of Cu/Al laser welding.
Proceedings Title
Proceedia CIRP
Conference Dates
September 6-10, 2020
Conference Location
Conference Title
LANE 2020 - 11th CIRP Conference on Photonic Technologies


Simonds, B. , Tran, T. and Williams, P. (2020), In Situ Monitoring of Cu/Al Laser Welding using Laser Induced Fluorescence, Proceedia CIRP, Fuerth, -1, [online], (Accessed July 17, 2024)


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Created September 9, 2020, Updated December 22, 2020