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In situ Dimensional Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters during Induction Heating



Hayden Carlton, Kathryn L. Krycka, Markus Bleuel, David Huitink


The study and fundamental understanding of magnetic nanoparticle induction heating remain critical for the advancement of magnetic hyperthermia technologies. Complete characterization of not only the nanoparticles themselves but their inter-particle behavior in a sample matrix is necessary to accurately predict their heating response. Herein, an in situ method for measuring the extent of nanoparticle clustering during induction heating using small-angle and ultra-small-angle neutron scattering facilities at the NIST Center for Neutron Research is described and implemented by comparing two sets of iron oxide nanoparticles with differing structures and magnetic properties. By fitting the scattering profiles to a piecewise model covering a wide Q-range, the magnitude of nanoparticle clustering during induction heating was quantified. Observations of the low-Q intensity before and after heating also allowed for relative measurement of the cluster volume fraction during heating. The use of this method could prove to be advantageous in both developing more encompassing models to describe magnetic nanoparticle dynamics during heating as well as optimizing nanoparticle synthesis techniques to reduce aggregation during heating.
Particle & Particle Systems Characterization


small angle neutron scattering, induction heating, iron oxide nanoparticles, long-range particle ordering


Carlton, H. , Krycka, K. , Bleuel, M. and Huitink, D. (2020), In situ Dimensional Characterization of Magnetic Nanoparticle Clusters during Induction Heating, Particle & Particle Systems Characterization, [online], (Accessed June 19, 2024)


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Created December 31, 2019, Updated October 12, 2021