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Single-Photon Detector Calibration

Published

Author(s)

Sergey V. Polyakov

Abstract

In this chapter we introduce the set of detector properties, common to most contemporary detectors, that should be determined for a complete characterization. Then we introduce methods for detector characterization, and finally we present practical recipes for calibration of non-PNR detectors and PNR detectors with full PNR capability. Although the recipes are based on specific underlying technologies (we use as examples single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) and TES detectors), the measurement algorithms are in general applicable to detectors with other principles of operation. A radically different approach is treating a detector as a black box, i.e. to pay no attention to the underlying principles of operation and approach the problem from the viewpoint of quantum measurement theory to characterize the detection of arbitrary input quantum states (i.e. find a detector’s POVM), although in practice, even with such an approach some assumptions about the detector’s operation are necessary to make the measurement problem tractable. Such a characterization is par- ticularly useful for PNR detectors with saturation. POVM measurements are addressed in chapter 9.
Citation
Single-Photon Generation and Detection: Physics and Applications
Publisher Info
Elsevier, Philadelphia , PA

Keywords

single-photon, detector, calibration, radiant power, absolute calibration, parametric down-conversion

Citation

Polyakov, S. (2015), Single-Photon Detector Calibration, Elsevier, Philadelphia , PA, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=914455 (Accessed May 18, 2024)

Issues

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Created July 7, 2015, Updated February 19, 2017