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Simulation of TTT curves for additively manufactured Inconel 625



Carelyn E. Campbell, Greta Lindwall, Eric Lass, Fan Zhang, Mark R. Stoudt, Andrew J. Allen, Lyle E. Levine


The ability to use common computational thermodynamic and kinetic tools to study the microstructure evolution in Inconel 625 (IN625) manufactured using the additive manufacturing (AM) technique of laser powder-bed fusion is evaluated. Solidification simulations indicate that laser melting and re-melting during printing produce highly segregated interdendritic regions. Precipitation simulations for different degrees of segregation show that the larger the segregation; i.e. the richer the inter-dendritic regions are in Nb and Mo, the faster the δ-phase (Ni3Nb) precipitation. This is in accordance with the accelerated δ precipitation observed experimentally during post-build heat treatments of AM IN625 compared to wrought IN625. The δ-phase may be undesirable since it can lead to detrimental effects on the mechanical properties. The results are presented in the form of a TTT (time- temperature-transformation) diagram and agreement between the simulated diagram and the experimental TTT diagram demonstrate how these computational tools can be used to guide and optimize post-build treatments of AM materials.
Metallurgical Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science


Ni-based superalloy, additive manufacturing, CALPHAD, phase transformations


Campbell, C. , Lindwall, G. , Lass, E. , Zhang, F. , Stoudt, M. , Allen, A. and Levine, L. (2019), Simulation of TTT curves for additively manufactured Inconel 625, Metallurgical Transactions A-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, [online], (Accessed May 24, 2024)


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Created January 1, 2019, Updated May 14, 2019