Self-referenced frequency combs using high-efficiency silicon nitride waveguides

Published: June 12, 2017


David R. Carlson, Daniel D. Hickstein, Alexander J. Lind, Stefan Droste, Daron A. Westly, Nima Nader, Ian R. Coddington, Nathan R. Newbury, Kartik A. Srinivasan, Scott A. Diddams, Scott B. Papp


We utilize silicon nitride waveguides to self-reference telecom-wavelength fiber frequency combs through supercontinuum generation using less than 15 mW total optical average power. This is approximately ten times lower than conventional approaches using nonlinear fibers and is enabled by low-loss (<2 dB) input coupling and the high nonlinearity of silicon nitride, which can provide two octaves of spectral broadening with incident energies of only 110 pJ. Following supercontinuum generation, self-referencing is accomplished by mixing 780-nm dispersive wave light with the frequency doubled output of the fiber laser. In addition, at higher optical powers, we demonstrate f-to-3f self-referencing directly from the waveguide output by the interference of simultaneous supercontinuum and third harmonic generation, without the use of an external doubling crystal or interferometer. These hybrid comb systems combine the performance of fiber-laser frequency combs with the high nonlinearity and compactness of photonic waveguides, and should lead to future low-cost fully stabilized frequency combs for portable and space-borne applications.
Citation: Optics Letters
Pub Type: Journals


Nonlinear optics, integrated optics, Supercontinuum generation, Ultrafast nonlinear optics
Created June 12, 2017, Updated July 03, 2017