Self-consistent modeling of anisotropic interfaces and missing orientations: Derivation from phase-field crystal
Nana Ofori Opoku, James A. Warren, P W. Voorhees
Highly anisotropic interfaces play an important role in the development of material microstructure. Using the diffusive atomistic phase-field crystal (PFC) formalism, we determine the capability of the model to quantitatively describe these interfaces. Specifically, we coarse grain the PFC model to attain both its complex amplitude formulation and its corresponding phase-field limit. Using this latter formulation, in one-dimensional calculations, we determine the surface energy and the properties of the Wulff shape. We find that the model can yield Wulff shapes with missing orientations, the transition to missing orientations, and facet formation. We show that the corresponding phase- field limit of the complex amplitude model yields a self-consistent description of highly anisotropic surface properties that are a function of the surface orientation with respect to the underlying crystal lattice. The phase-field model is also capable of describing missing orientations on equilibrium shapes of crystals and naturally includes a regularizing contribution. We demonstrate in two dimensions, how the resultant model can be used to study crystal growth of crystals with varying degrees of anisotropy in the phase-field limit. Keywords: surface energy; anisotropy; solidification; phase-field crystal; coarse-graining
, Warren, J.
and Voorhees, P.
Self-consistent modeling of anisotropic interfaces and missing orientations: Derivation from phase-field crystal, Physical Review Materials, [online], https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.2.083404
(Accessed May 10, 2021)