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Securing Distributed Energy Resources: An Example of Industrial Internet of Things Cybersecurity



James McCarthy, Don Faatz, Eileen Division, Nik Urlaub, John Wiltberger, Tsion Yimer


The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) refers to the application of instrumentation and connected sensors and other devices to machinery and vehicles in the transport, energy, and other critical infrastructure sectors. In the energy sector, distributed energy resources (DERs) such as solar photovoltaics including sensors, data transfer and communications systems, instruments, and other commercially available devices that are networked together. DERs introduce information exchanges between a utility's distribution control system and the DERs to manage the flow of energy in the distribution grid.
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 1800-32
Report Number


IIoT, DER, Distributed Energy Resources, Industrial Internet of Things, solar, energy, Cybersecurity, Security, photovoltaics, grid


McCarthy, J. , Faatz, D. , Division, E. , Urlaub, N. , Wiltberger, J. and Yimer, T. (2022), Securing Distributed Energy Resources: An Example of Industrial Internet of Things Cybersecurity, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed June 24, 2024)


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Created February 2, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022