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Secure Domain Name System (DNS) Deployment Guide



Ramaswamy Chandramouli


[Superseded by SP 800-81-2 (September 2013):] This document provides deployment guidelines for securing the Domain Name System (DNS) in any enterprise a government agency or a corporate entity. The deployment guidelines follow from an analysis of security objectives and consequent protection approaches for all DNS components. This document was originally published in May 2006. Since then the following IETF RFCs , FIPS and NIST Cryptographic guidance documents have been published and this revision takes into account the specifications and recommendations found in those documents - DNNSEC Operational Practices (RFC 4641), Automated Updates for DNS Security (DNSSEC) Trust Anchors (RFC 5011), DNS Security (DNSSEC)Hashed Authenticated Denial of Existence (RFC 5155), HMAC SHA TSIG Algorithm Identifiers (RFC 4635), The Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code (HMAC) (FIPS 198-1), Digital Signature Standard (FIPS 186-3) and Recommendations for Key Management (SP 800-57P1 & SP 800-57P3). In addition this revision provides illustrations of Secure configuration examples using DNS Software offering NSD, in addition to BIND, guidelines on Procedures for migrating to a new Cryptographic Algorithm for signing of the Zone (Section 11.5), guidelines for Procedures for migrating to NSEC3 specifications from NSEC for providing authenticated denial of existence (Section 11.6) and deployment guidelines for Split-Zone under different scenarios (Section 11.7). [Supersedes SP 800-81 (January 2006):]
Special Publication (NIST SP) - 800-81 Rev 1
Report Number
800-81 Rev 1


Checklists, denial of service, DNS, DNS Security Extensions, DNSSEC, Domain Name System, information system security, Internet Protocol, IP, risks, vulnerabilities


Chandramouli, R. (2010), Secure Domain Name System (DNS) Deployment Guide, Special Publication (NIST SP), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (Accessed July 20, 2024)


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Created April 30, 2010, Updated May 4, 2021