Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications by: Craig Brown (Fed)

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 1 - 25 of 141

Exclusive Recognition of CO2 from Hydrocarbons by Aluminum Formate with Hydrogen-Confined Pore Cavities

May 31, 2023
Zhaoqiang Zhang, Zeyu Deng, Hayden Evans, Dinesh Mullangi, Chengjun Kang, Shing B. Peh, Yuxiang Wang, Craig Brown, John Wang, Pieremanuele Canepa, Anthony K. Cheetham, Dan Zhao
Exclusive capture of carbon dioxide (CO2) from hydrocarbons via adsorptive separation is an important technology in the petrochemical industry, especially for acetylene (C2H2) production. However, the physicochemical similarities between CO2 and C2H2

Polyoxocationic Antimony Oxide Cluster with Acidic Protons

June 17, 2022
Yuki Watanabe, Kim Hyeon-Deuk, Takafumi Yamamoto, Masayoshi Yabuuchi, Olesia M. Karakulina, Yasuto Noda, Takuya Kurihara, I-Ya Chang, Masanobu Higashi, Osamu Tomita, Cedric Tassel, Daichi Kato, Jingxin Xia, Tatsuhiko Goto, Craig Brown, Yuto Shimoyama, Naoki Ogiwara, Joke Hadermann, Artem M. Abakumov, Sayaka Uchida, Ryu Abe, Hiroshi Kageyama
The success and continued expansion of research in polyoxometalates (POMs) owe largely to their structural richness and wide range of functions. However, while most POM clusters known to date are negatively charged, there is only a handful of cationic POMs

Lattice Dynamics in the NASICON NaZr 2 (PO 4 ) 3 Solid Electrolyte from Temperature-Dependent Neutron Diffraction, NMR, and Ab Initio Computational Studies

May 10, 2022
Emily Morgan, Hayden Evans, Kartik Pilar, Craig Brown, Raphaele Clement, Ryo Maezono, Ram Seshadri, Bartomeu Monserrat, Anthony Cheetham
Natrium super ionic conductor (NASICON) compounds form a rich and highly chemically-tunable family of crystalline materials that are of widespread interest because they include exemplars with high ionic conductivity, low thermal expansion, and redox

Magnetic-Field-Induced Dielectric Anomalies in Cobalt-Containing Garnets

April 11, 2022
Abbey J. Neer, Joanna Milam-Guerrero, Veronika A. Fischer, Michelle Zheng, Nicole R. Spence, Clayton Cozzan, Mingqiang Gu, James M. Rondinelli, Craig Brown, Brent C. Melot
We present a comparative study of the magnetic and crystal chemical proper-ties of two Co 2+ containing garnets.CaY 2 Co 2 Ge 3 O 12 and NaCa 2 Co 2 V 3 O 12 both exhibit the onset of antiferromagnetic order at 8 K and 6 K as well as field-induced

Stacking Faults Assist Lithium-Ion Conduction in a Halide-Based Superionic Conductor

April 6, 2022
Elias Sebti, Hayden Evans, Hengning Chen, Peter Richardson, Kelly White, Raynald Giovine, Krishna P. Koirala, Yaobin Xu, Eliovardo Gonzalez-Correa, Chongmin Wang, Craig Brown, Anthony Cheetham, Pieremanuele Canepa, Raphaele Clement
In the pursuit of urgently-needed, energy dense solid-state batteries for electric vehicle and portable electronics applications, halide solid electrolytes offer a promising path forward with exceptional compatibility against high-voltage oxide electrodes

Physical Properties of the Quasi-Two-Dimensional Square Lattice Antiferromagnet Ba 2 FeSi 2 O 7

December 28, 2021
Tae-Hwan Jang, Seung-Hwan Do, Minseong Lee, Hui Wu, Craig Brown, Andrew D. Christianson, Sang-Wook Cheong, Jae-Hoon Park
We report magnetization (χ, M), magnetic specific heat (CM), and neutron powder diffraction results on a quasi-two-dimensional (2D) S = 2 square lattice antiferromagnet Ba 2 FeSi 2 O 7 consisting of FeO 4 tetrahedrons with highly compressive tetragonal

Iridate Li 8 IrO 6 : An Antiferromagnetic Insulator

November 15, 2021
Callista M. Skaggs, Peter E. Siegfried, Chang-Jong Kang, Craig Brown, Fu Chen, Lu Ma, Steven N. Ehrlich, Yan Xin, Mark Croft, Wenqian Xu, Saul H. Lapidus, Nirmal J. Ghimire, Xiaoyan Tan
A poltcrystalline iridate, Li 8 IrO 6 , material was prepared via heating Li 2 O and IrO 2 starting materials in a sealed quartz tube at 650 °C for 48 hours. The structure was determined from Rietveld refinement of room temperature powder neutron

Magnetic Properties and Signatures of Ordering in Triangular Lattice Antiferromagnet KCeO 2

September 15, 2021
Mitchell M. Bordelon, Xiaoling Wang, Daniel M. Pajerowski, Arnab Banerjee, Mark Sherwin, Craig Brown, M. Eldeeb, T. Petersen, L. Hozoi, U. Robler, Martin Mourigal
The magnetic ground state and the crystalline electric field level scheme of the triangular lattice antiferromagnet KCeO 2 are investigated. Below T N = 300 mK, KCeO 2 develops signatures of magnetic order in specific heat measurements and low energy

Neutron Scattering Studies of Materials for Hydrogen Storage

August 28, 2021
Ryan Klein, Hayden Evans, Benjamin Trump, Terrence J. Udovic, Craig Brown
Hydrogen storage presents a significant barrier to the widespread adaptation of hydrogen as an energy source in mobile and stationary applications. The development of new candidate hydrogen storage materials is therefore an outstanding goal in the field of

Enhanced Magnetic Interaction by Face-Shared Hydride Anions in 6H-BaCrO 2 H

August 16, 2021
Kentaro Higashi, Masayuki Ochi, Yusuke Nambu, Takafumi Yamamoto, Taito Murakami, Naoya Yamashina, Cedric Tassel, Yuki Matsumoto, Hiroshi Takatsu, Craig Brown, Hiroshi Kageyama
Studies on magnetic oxyhydrides have been almost limited to perovskite-based lattices with corner-sharing octahedra with a M‒H‒M (M: transition metal) angle of θ 180 °. Using a high-pressure method, we prepared BaCrO 2 H with a 6H-type hexagonal perovskite

Antiferromagnetic Order and Spin-Canting Transition in the Corrugated Square Net Compound Cu 3 (TeO 4 )(SO 4 ):H 2 O

July 19, 2021
Zhi-Cheng Wang, Kulatheepan Thanabalasingam, Jan P. Scheifers, Alenna Streeter, Gregory T. McCandless, Jonathan N. Gaudet, Craig Brown, Carlo U. Segre, Julia Y. Chan, Fazel Tafti
Strongly correlated electrons in layered perovskite structures have been the birthplace of high-temperature superconductivity, spin liquid, and quantum criticality. Specifically, the cuprate materials with layered structures made of corner sharing square

Magnetic Structure, Excitations and Short-Range order in Honeycomb Na 2 Ni 2 TeO 6

July 15, 2021
Nathan Episcopo, Po-Hao Chang, Thomas W. Heitmann, Kinley Wangmo, James M. Guthrie, Magdalena Fitta, Ryan Klein, Narayan Poudel, Krzysztof Gofryk, Rajendra R. Zope, Craig Brown, Harikrishnan S. Nair
Na 2 Ni 2 TeO 6 has a layered hexagonal structure with a honeycomb lattice constituted by Ni 2+ and a chiral charge distribution of Na + that resides between the Ni layers. In the present work, the antiferromagnetic transition temperature of Na 2 Ni 2 TeO

Ambient-Temperature Hydrogen Storage via Vanadium(II)-Dihydrogen Complexation in a Metal-Organic Framework

April 28, 2021
David Jaramillo, Henry Jiang, Hayden Evans, Romit Chakraborty, Hiroyasu Furukawa, Craig Brown, Martin Head-Gordon, Jeffrey Long
The widespread implementation of H 2 as a fuel is currently hindered by the high pressures or cryogenic temperatures required to achieve reasonable storage densities. In contrast, the realization of materials that strongly and reversibly adsorb hydrogen at

Neel Ordering in the Distorted Honeycomb Pyrosilicate: C-Er 2 Si 2 O 7

January 18, 2021
Gavin Hester, T. N. DeLazzer, S. S. Lim, Craig Brown, K. A. Ross
The rare-earth pyrosilicate family of compounds (RE 2 Si 2 O 7 ) hosts a variety of polymorphs, some with honeycomb-like geometries of the rare-earth sublattices, and the magnetism has yet to be deeply explored in many of the cases. Here we report on the

Chemical Bonding Governs Complex Magnetism in MnPt 5 P

January 14, 2021
Xin Gui, Ryan Klein, Craig Brown, Weiwei Xie
Subtle changes in chemical bonds may result in dramatic revolutions in magnetic properties in solid state materials. MnPt 5 P, a new derivative of the rare-earth-free ferromagnetic MnPt5As, was discovered and is presented in this work. MnPt 5 P was

Competing Antiferromagnetic-Ferromagnetic States in d 7 Kitaev Honeycomb Magnet

December 14, 2020
Hector Vivanco, Benjamin Trump, Craig Brown, Tyrel M. McQueen
The Kitaev model is a rare example of an analytically solvable and physically instantiable Hamiltonian yielding a topological quantum spin liquid ground state. Here we report signatures of Kitaev spin liquid physics in the honeycomb magnet Li 3 Co 2 SbO 6

Strain-Induced Creation and Switching of Anion Vacancy Layers in Perovskite Oxynitrides

November 23, 2020
Takafumi Yamamoto, Akira Chikamatsu, Shunsaku Kitagawa, Nana Izumo, Shunsuke Yamashita, Hiroshi Takatsu, Masayuki Ochi, Takahiro Maryuama, Morito Namba, Wenhao Sun, Takahide Nakashima, Fumitaka Takeiri, Kotaro Fujii, Masatomo Yashima, Yuki Sugisawa, Masahito Sano, Yashushi Hirose, Daiichiro Sekiba, Craig Brown, Takashi Honda, Kazutaka Ikeda, Toshiya Otomo, Kazuhiko Kuroki, Kenji Ishida, Takao Mori, Koji Kimoto, Tetsuya Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kageyama
Perovskite oxides, ABO 3 , can host a variety of anion vacancies in the form of chains or layers, which results in various properties 1-3 and thus the manipulation of vacancy patterns is of considerable interest. Separately, lattice strain between thin

Peritectic Phase Transition of Benzene and Acetonitrile into a Cocrystal Relevant to Titan, Saturn's Moon

November 14, 2020
Christina A. McConville, Yunwen Tao, Hayden Evans, Benjamin Trump, Jonathan B. Lefton, Wenqian Xu, Andrey A. Yakovenko, Elfi Kraka, Craig Brown, Tomce Runcevski
Benzene and acetonitrile are two of the most commonly used solvents found in almost every chemical laboratory. Titan, Saturn's icy moon, is one other place in the Solar system that has even larger amounts of these compounds, together with many other

Dynamics of Hydroxyl Anions Promotes Lithium Ion Conduction in Antiperovskite Li 2 OHCl

October 13, 2020
Fei Wang, Hayden Evans, Kwangnam Kim, Liang Yin, Yiliang Li, Ping-Chun Tsai, Jue Liu, Saul H. Lapidus, Craig Brown, Donald J. Siegel, Yet-Ming Chiang
Li 2 OHCl is an exemplar of the anti-perovskite family of ionic conductors, for which high ionic conductivities have been reported, but in which the atomic-level mechanism of ion migration is unclear. The stable phase is highly defective, having 1/3 of the

Elucidating the Structure of the Metal-Organic Framework Ru-HKUST-1

September 22, 2020
Gregory R. Lorzing, Krista P. Balto, Alexandra M. Antonio, Benjamin Trump, Craig Brown, Eric D. Bloch
Ru-HKUST-1 (Ru 3 (btc) 2 X 1.5 ; btc 3– = 1,3,5-benzentricarboxylate; X – ^ = chloride, acetate, trimesate) has received considerable attention as a result of its structure type, tunability, and the redox-active nature of its constituent metal paddlewheel