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Displaying 1 - 25 of 137

Advancing Methodologies for Hurricane Disaster Research Using Social Media Data

May 29, 2024
Emina Herovic, Caerwyn Hartten, Emily Walpole, Katherine Johnson, Cameron Busser
The National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) investigations of disasters and failures that affect the United States including devastating hurricanes like Hurricane Maria (NIST, 2023), require the assessment of risk communication, especially

Human-in-the-loop Technical Document Annotation: Developing and Validating a System to Provide Machine-Assistance for Domain-Specific Text Analysis

May 14, 2024
Juan Fung, Zongxia Li, Daniel Stephens, Andrew Mao, Pranav Goel, Emily Walpole, Alden A. Dima, Jordan Boyd-Graber
In this report, we address the following question: to what extent can machine learning assist a human with traditional text analysis, such as content analysis or grounded theory in the social sciences? In practice, such tasks require humans to review and

Using Disaster Surveys to Model Business Interruption

October 8, 2023
Maria Watson, Yu Xiao, Jennifer Helgeson
Business interruption after disasters is an important metric for community resilience planning because has both economic and social consequences. Each additional day that a business is nonoperational further compounds lost revenue, wages, and lack of

Report on High Energy Arcing Fault Experiments: Experimental Results from Medium-Voltage Bus Duct and Switchgear Enclosures

September 15, 2023
Gabriel Taylor, Anthony D. Putorti Jr., Scott Bareham, Christopher U. Brown, Wai Cheong Tam, Ryan Falkenstein-Smith, Stephen Fink, Michael Heck, Edward Hnetkovsky, Nicholas Melly, Kenneth Hamburger, Kenneth Miller
This report documents an experimental program designed to investigate high energy arcing fault (HEAF) phenomena for medium-voltage, metal-enclosed bus ducts and switchgear. This report covers full-scale laboratory experiments using representative nuclear

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2023: Societal and Technology Landscape to Inform Science and Technology Research

August 23, 2023
Ashley Boggs-Russell, Kerrianne Buchanan, David W. Griffith, Heather Evans, Dimitrios Meritis, Lisa Ng, Anna Sberegaeva, Michelle Stephens
The 2023 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through three separate lenses

A Call for a National Community Resilience Extension Partnership: Building a Sustained Multi-Disciplinary Bridge from Community Resilience Research to Practice and Communities

March 31, 2023
Christopher Clavin, Jennifer Helgeson, Matthew Malecha, Shubha Shrivastava
Establishing a national Community Resilience Extension Partnership, a boundary organization directly linking the scientific community with local planners and policymakers, would provide the research-to-practice infrastructure needed to accelerate the

Workshop on Incorporating Climate Change Data in U.S. Building Codes and Standards

March 8, 2023
Jason D. Averill, Therese P. McAllister, Andrew K. Persily, Scott Weaver, James Whetstone, Jiann C. Yang, Michael Kuperberg, Sumant Nigam, Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas
NIST hosted a workshop to advance the availability of climate information sought by organizations developing standards, model building codes, and voluntary certifications by convening interactions between the building codes and climate science communities.

The hazard of UV-induced oxidation to solar-viewing spacecraft optics

March 2, 2023
Charles S. Tarrio, Robert F. Berg, Thomas B. Lucatorto, Dale E. Newbury, Nicholas Ritchie, Andrew Jones, Frank Eparvier
The two most prevalent outgas contaminants on satellites are organic molecules and water vapor. Adsorbed organic molecules can degrade a solar-viewing instrument when they are cracked by ultraviolet radiation (UV) and become a light-absorbing layer of

Validating commonly-used indicators for community resilience measurement

January 25, 2023
Donghwan Gu, Maria Dillard, Michael Gerst, Jarrod Loerzel
This paper quantitatively examines indicators frequently used to measure community resilience. Based on existing frameworks and methodologies rooted in multiple disciplines, a set of 18 indicators were identified as being most prevalent. A data-driven

Engineering Trustworthy Secure Systems

November 16, 2022
Ronald S. Ross, Mark Winstead, Michael McEvilley
This publication describes a basis for establishing principles, concepts, activities, and tasks for engineering trustworthy secure systems. Such principles, concepts, activities, and tasks can be effectively applied within systems engineering efforts to

ALD deposited amorphous alumina coatings can slow glass alteration

August 31, 2022
Miriam Hiebert, Jamie Weaver, Thomas Lam, Nicole Little, Ethan Hyde, Edward Vicenzi, Ray A. Phaneuf
Atomic layer deposited (ALD) amorphous aluminum oxide and titanium oxide coatings have been investigated for use in reducing the rate of silicate glass alteration. Mass spectrometric analysis of leachate from elevated temperature aqueous immersion

Report on the DHS/NIST Workshop on Standards for an Enduring Capability in Wastewater Surveillance for Public Health (SWWS Workshop)

August 16, 2022
Nancy Lin, Stephanie Servetas, Scott Jackson, Katrice Lippa, Kirsten Parratt, Philip Mattson, Clare Beahn, Mia Mattioli, Sally Gutierrez, Michael Focazio, Ted Smith, Paul Storella, Sarah Wright
Wastewater surveillance is a promising approach to monitor biological and chemical contaminants on a community level in support of public health and safety decisions. Wastewater surveillance has recently been shown highly effective for the early detection

Business Recovery from Disasters: Lessons from Natural Hazards and the COVID-19 Pandemic

August 9, 2022
Stephanie Chang, Charlotte Brown, John Handmer, Jennifer Helgeson, Yoshio Kajitani, Adriana Keating, Ilan Noy, Maria Watson, Sahar Derakhshan, Juri Kim, Alfredo Roa Henriquez
This paper compares economic recovery in the COVID-19 pandemic with other types of disasters, at the scale of businesses. As countries around the world struggle to emerge from the pandemic, studies of business impact and recovery have proliferated; however
Displaying 1 - 25 of 137