Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 26 - 50 of 690

Calibration of free-space and fiber-coupled single-photon detectors

September 14, 2020
Thomas Gerrits, Alan L. Migdall, Joshua C. Bienfang, John H. Lehman, Sae Woo Nam, Oliver T. Slattery, Jolene D. Splett, Igor Vayshenker, Chih-Ming Wang
We present our measurements of the detection efficiency of free-space and fiber-coupled single- photon detectors at wavelengths near 851 nm and 1533.6 nm. We investigate the spatial uniformity of one free-space-coupled silicon single-photon avalanche diode

Terahertz Electromagnetically Induced Transparency in Cesium Atoms

September 14, 2020
Sumit Bhushan, Oliver T. Slattery, Xiao Tang, Lijun Ma
We outline a proposal to realize Electromagnetically Induced Transparency (EIT) with the potential to store Terahertz (THz) optical pulses in Cesium atoms. Such a system, when experimentally realized, has a potential to make Quantum Communication possible

The Impossibility of Efficient Quantum Weak Coin-Flipping

June 22, 2020
Carl A. Miller
How can two parties with competing interests carry out a fair coin flip, using only a noiseless quantum channel? This problem (quantum weak coin-flipping) was formalized more than 15 years ago, and, despite some phenomenal theoretical progress, practical

Electron-electron interactions in low-dimensional Si:P delta layers

June 15, 2020
Joseph Hagmann, Xiqiao Wang, Ranjit Kashid, Pradeep Namboodiri, Jonathan Wyrick, Scott W. Schmucker, Michael Stewart, Richard M. Silver, Curt A. Richter
Key to producing quantum computing devices based on the atomistic placement of dopants in silicon by scanning tunneling microscope (STM) lithography is the formation of embedded highly doped Si:P delta layers (δ-layers). This study investigates the

Materials loss measurements using superconducting microwave resonators

June 9, 2020
Corey Rae H. McRae, Haozhi Wang, Jiansong Gao, Michael R. Vissers, Teresa Brecht, A Dunsworth, David P. Pappas, J. Mutus
The performance of superconducting circuits for quantum computing is limited by materials losses. In particular, coherence times are typically bounded by two-level system (TLS) losses at single photon powers and millikelvin temperatures. The identification

Notes on Interrogating Random Quantum Circuits

May 29, 2020
Luis Brandao, Rene C. Peralta
Consider a quantum circuit that, when fed a constant input, produces a fixed-length random bit- string in each execution. Executing it many times yields a sample of many bit-strings that contain fresh randomness inherent to the quantum evaluation. When the

Overlap junctions for superconducting quantum electronics and amplifiers

May 25, 2020
Mustafa Bal, Junling Long, Ruichen Zhao, Haozhi Wang, Sungoh Park, Corey Rae H. McRae, Tongyu Zhao, Russell Lake, Daniil Frolov, Roman Pilipenko, Silvia Zorzetti, Alexander Romanenko, David P. Pappas
Due to their unique properties as lossless, nonlinear circuit elements, Josephson junctions lie at the heart of superconducting quantum information processing. Previously, we demonstrated a two-layer, submicrometer-scale overlap junction fabrication

Open-system tensor networks and Kramers' crossover for quantum transport

May 12, 2020
Gabriela Wojtowicz, Justin E. Elenewski, Marek Rams, Michael P. Zwolak
Tensor networks are a powerful tool for many-body ground-states with limited entanglement. These methods can nonetheless fail for certain time-dependent processes - such as quantum trans- port or quenches - where entanglement growth is linear in time

Atomic-scale control of tunneling in donor-based devices

May 11, 2020
Xiqiao Wang, Jonathan E. Wyrick, Ranjit V. Kashid, Pradeep N. Namboodiri, Scott W. Schmucker, Andrew Murphy, Michael D. Stewart, Richard M. Silver
Atomically precise donor-based quantum devices are a promising candidate for scalable solid- state quantum computing. Atomically precise design and implementation of the tunnel coupling in these devices is essential to realize gate-tunable exchange

Dielectric loss extraction for superconducting microwave resonators

May 5, 2020
Corey Rae H. McRae, Russell Lake, Junling Long, Mustafa Bal, Xian Wu, Battogtokh Jugdersuren, Thomas Metcalf, Xiao Liu, David P. Pappas
The investigation of two-level-state (TLS) loss in dielectric materials and interfaces remains at the forefront of materials research in superconducting quantum circuits. We demonstrate a method of TLS loss extraction of a thin film dielectric by measuring

Single-Photon Sources: Approaching the Ideal through Multiplexing

April 30, 2020
Alan L. Migdall, Evan Meyer-Scott, Christine Silberhorn
We review the rapid recent progress in single-photon sources based on multiplexing multiple probabilistic photon-creation events. Such multiplexing allows higher single-photon probabilities and lower contamination from higher-order photon states. We study

Hybrid integrated quantum photonic circuits

April 13, 2020
Ali Elshaari, Wolfram Pernice, Kartik Srinivasan, Oliver Benson, Val Zwiller
Recent development in chip-based photonic quantum circuits has radically impacted the ways in which we can process quantum information. However, it is challenging for any one specific integrated photonics platform to meet the stringent demands for most

Parallel Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution

April 9, 2020
Rahul Jain, Carl Miller, Yaoyun Shi
A prominent application of quantum cryptography is the distribution of cryptographic keys that are provably secure. Such security proofs were extended by Vazirani and Vidick (Physical Review Letters, 113, 140501, 2014) to the device-independent (DI)

Auto-tuning of double dot devices it in situ with machine learning

March 31, 2020
Justyna P. Zwolak, Thomas McJunkin, Sandesh Kalantre, J. P. Dodson, E. R. MacQuarrie, D. E. Savage, M. G. Lagally, S N. Coppersmith, Mark A. Eriksson, Jacob M. Taylor
The current practice of manually tuning quantum dots (QDs) for qubit operation is a relatively time- consuming procedure that is inherently impractical for scaling up and applications. In this work, we report on the {\it in situ} implementation of a

The Measurement of the Acceleration Due to Gravity

March 12, 2020
J E. Faller
Instrumental capabilities for both relative and absolute gravity measurements can be made at the parts in 109 level of precision. Large but still portable absolute gravimeters have also reached the parts in 109 level of accuracy. Present emphasis is on the

Targeted enrichment of 28Si thin films for quantum computing

March 9, 2020
Ke Tang, Hyun S. Kim, Aruna N. Ramanayaka, David S. Simons, Joshua M. Pomeroy
We report on the growth of isotopically enriched 28Si epitaxial films with precisely controlled enrichment levels, ranging from natural abundance ratio of 92.2% all the way to 99.99987 % (0.832 × 10-6 mol/mol 29Si). Isotopically enriched 28Si is regarded

Microwave-based arbitrary cphase gates for transmon qubits

January 17, 2020
George S. Barron, Fernando A. Calderon-Vargas, Junling Long, David P. Pappas, Sophia E. Economou
Superconducting transmon qubits are of great interest for quantum computing and quantum simulation. A key component of quantum chemistry simulation algorithms is breaking up the evolution into small steps, which naturally leads to the need for nonmaximally
Displaying 26 - 50 of 690